- Capital City : Jakarta
- Region : Southeast Asia
- Population : ±255.46 Million
- Language : Bahasa Indonesia
- Area : 1,904,443 km2
- Biggest Islands : Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Bali, Lombok, Maluku, Papua, Flores, Sumba, Sumbawa
- Religion : Islam (87%), Christian (7%), Catholic (2,91), Hindu (1,69), Budha (0,72), Konghuchu (0.05%)
- Currency : Rupiah (Rp/IDR)
- Time Zone : Indonesia Western Time Zone includes Sumatra, Java, West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan (UTC+07:00), Indonesia Central Time Zone includes Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara province and North, South and East Kalimantan (UTC+08:00), Indonesia Eastern Time Zone includes Maluku and Papua (UTC+09:00)
- International Dialing Code : +62
Located right beneath the equator, Indonesia has two monsoon seasons—dry season (June-September) and rainy season (October–July). The average temperature during dry season is between 28°-34°C, while in rainy season the weather is a bit cooler ranging between 23°-28°C.
The sun can be very hot in dry season that you’ll feel burnt sensation on your skin. Hence, it’s strongly suggested that you apply sunblock and moisturizer on your skin if needed. If you plan to have Indonesia vacation during rainy season, make sure you keep update on the weather forecast as the rain occurs any time.
Travelers need to be very cautious during Pancaroba season, transitional period between two seasons lasting for one month (approximately September-October and June-July). During the period, the weather and temperature are rapidly changing. Wind speed and movement are also unpredictable that sometimes cause storm. In term of health problem, flu is the most common illness.
Land, water and air transportation is three general modes of transportation found in Indonesia. Relating to land transportation, bus becomes very important to connect cities within and between provinces. While to reach the more remote areas like small villages, people use public small van accommodating up to 10 persons.
Train is another option of land transport that is unfortunately available only on Java and Sumatra. On more remote islands including Kalimantan, Flores and Papua, public transportation is scarce and won’t leave before the seats are fully occupied. But, if comfort and time efficiency are your main concern, taxi with expensive fare will be suitable.
The most important mode of transportation may be ships as Indonesia is an archipelagic country. Besides it is used to transfer people from one island to the others, ships are essential to distribute goods throughout the country. People just need to get on small ferry to cross straits and will embark on multi-day journey to reach farther distances.
Among all the options, air transport is the best choice to travel any distances. A number of airlines operating in Indonesia provide various travel routes both inter-city, inter-island and inter-country. In some areas within eastern Indonesia especially Papua, domestic flights are still accommodated using small plane containing five people at maximum capacity.
Money and Currency
Currency used in Indonesia is Rupiah (Rp). Coins come in Rp 100, Rp 200, Rp 500 and Rp 1000. Notes, meanwhile, include Rp 1000, Rp 2000, Rp 5000, Rp 10.000, Rp 20.000, Rp 50.000 and Rp 100.000 denominations. In supermarkets, prices are usually rounded to the nearest nominal. For example: Rp 20.225 will be rounded to Rp 20.300.
As all transaction use rupiahs, those who come to Indonesia without rupiahs should change their money in Money Changers or banks. Dollar and Euro are acceptable in several tourist facilities such as hotels and diving operators, but only in popular travel destinations such as Bali.
Indonesia is currently working very hard to promote its tourism by giving travelers simpler requirement to get visit visa. There are three types of visa as the options (on the time of writing) :
Map of Indonesia Visa Policy taken from Wikipedia (January 2016)
1. Visa on Arrival (VoA): tourists can get this type of visa on the arrival at international airports and harbors by paying only US$35. The visa will be legal for 30-day visit and can be extended once for another 30 days. You’ll be charged US$20/ day for overstaying. Four countries eligible to apply for this facility are:
2. Visa Free: is a kind of Visa on Arrival that is given for free to tourists from certain countries and areas upon their arrival. This visa is only valid for 30 days and can’t be extended or transferred into any types of stay visa. Eligible countries and areas are:
• Czech Republic
• Hong Kong
• New Zealand
• Papua New Guinea
• San Marino
• Saudi Arabia
• South Africa
• South Korea
• United Arab Emirates
• United Kingdom
• United States
• Vatican City
To get visa free, tourist are required to enter Indonesia from designated ports including:
1. Jakarta – Soekarno Hatta International Airport
2. Bali – Ngurah Rai International Airport
3. Medan – Kualanamu International Airport
4. Surabaya – Juanda International Airport
5. Batam – Hang Nadim International Airport
1. Bintan – Sri Bintan Harbor at Tanjung Pinang
2. Bintan – Tanjung Uban Harbor
3. Batam – Sekupang Harbor
4. Batam – Batam Center Harbor
3.Visa in Advance: this type of visa is applicable for those coming from countries not mentioned in point 1 and 2. You must come to the nearest Indonesia embassy to apply whether for 30-day or 60-day visa option. The detailed requirements, processing fees and times can be vary depending on the country you live in.
Note : visa policy of Indonesia easily change. For update on or more information about visa, please visit nearest Indonesia embassy or click on www.imigrasi.go.id
Indonesia has a long list of banned imports including Chinese medicine, drugs, weapons, pornographic products, cordless phone and even fresh fruits. However, tourists are allowed to bring these four imports (adults only):
1. Tobacco products: 200 cigarettes or 20 cigars or 100 gram of tobacco.
2. 1 L of liquor
3. “A reasonable amount” of perfume
4. Personal property up to USD 250/person or USD 1,000/family