Tengger Tribe

The Story of Kasada Ceremony on Bromo Mountain

Mount Bromo is undoubtedly the most sought after nature wonder in East Java. It offers a phenomenal sunrise that requires challenging journey across the infamous “sea of sand” amid the freezing atmosphere. The summit itself is also a must see highlight. With the wide open crater, Bromo’s huge gut relentlessly spews out thick sulfurous smoke.

 

But aside from the beauty, Bromo is enchanting due to the strict Tengger people dwelling its surrounding. Tengger is an area deep in the slope of the mountain. The people, Tengerese, are descendants of Majapahit kingdom that moved away to avoid Islam invasion in Bali.

 

kasada

Mobs of Tenggerese Walking toward Mt. Bromo during Kasada Ceremony

 

Tenggerese are unique. They are Hindu but they don’t cremate the dead like what Hindu Balinese do. You won’t find them primitive but simply naturally traditional. They live by farming with vegetables as the main crops. Modern stoves are not there in their kitchens as they still cook on pawonan (sort of small fireplace made of clay). It needs wood to fire the traditional stove up and the women usually walk barefoot along the winding mountain roads in search of the tree barks.

 

Tenggerese original culture and tradition live on to this very recent time. Dukun (or priest) has crucial role in religious realm especially in their most important ceremony, Kasada. According to Tengerese belief, this ritual is connected to the history of their origin.

 

They say Tengger actually comes from two names, Rara Anteng and Joko Seger, a ruling couple of Tengger region. They had been married for years but no descendants born to the spouse. Praying on top of mount Bromo, they were finally granted with 25 kids. They had to sacrifice their last child in return but they refused. The god got angry and mount Bromo suddenly erupted, dragging the last kid into the burning crater.

 

I Nyoman Haryadi Wijaya - Kasada

Brave Tenggerese Catching Kasada Offering down the Crater by I Nyoman Haryadi Wijaya

 

The historical incident now is celebrated with Kasada ceremony to prevent the same disaster. All Tenggerese  participate in this ritual with all wearing white clothing. They parade piles of crops from their village to Luhur Poten temple on Bromo’s sea of sand during a freezing midnight. And after praying, they throw all the offerings into the mountain’s gut. Beside crops, live buffaloes, goats and chickens are plunged to their death into the crater as sacrifice.

 

This ceremony is held once in a year based on Tenggerese calendar. But it usually takes place between July and August. You better not to miss this legendary ritual, but if you do, you can at least find the leftover (drying flowers and food) all around the crater rim.

 

These days, not all Tengerese are Hindu. Some are Christians, some are Muslim and some are Buddhists. But they live in peace and continue to participate in Kasada ceremony.

More from Xplorea

Green Canyon

As green as the name, this place is a green-watered river flanked by mossy canyon which offers refreshing retreat.

What is Green Canyon

Ijen Crater

Aside from amazing view from the caldera, Mt. Ijen is famous for its iconic blue flame.

What is Ijen Crater

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is the biggest Buddhist Temple in Southeast Asia that not only offers authentic architecture but also dramatic sunrise.

What is Borobudur Temple

Prambanan Temple

This temple receives UNESCO World Heritage title as it turns out to be the biggest Hindu temple in Southeast Asia. Prambanan is located just within the same area of Borobudur temple.

What is Prambanan Temple

Karimunjawa Islands

People call this place as Mini Maladewa as it boasts the best beaches in all Java island.

What is Karimunjawa Islands

Ujung Kulon National Park

Ujung Kulon is most famous for its Javan rhinos which is only left 50 of them. But, this park also has more to offer including beaches and volcano.

What is Ujung Kulon National Park

Dieng Plateau

You may call this place a fairyland that will treat you to refreshing mountain air and panoramic landscape. You'll find lakes, steaming craters and ancient temple complex just within the same area.

What is Dieng Plateau

White Crater

This spot is one of favorite gateways in West Java. People come here to enjoy the beach-like view inside this volcanic crater lake.

What is White Crater

Mt. Bromo

A very popular tourist destination. Bromo is one of the most sought after by international tourists as well as domestic tourists.

What is Mt. Bromo

Available Tour in Java

JAVA TO BALI DISCOVERY (8D/7N)

WEST JAVA COUNTRYSIDE (5D/4N)

ESCAPE TO UJUNG KULON (2D/1N)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Xplorea Indonesia


  •   Ruko Chofa 7-8
      Louvre Gallery Building 3rd Floor
      Jl. Sukomanunggal Jaya, Surabaya 60188
      East Java, Indonesia


  •    Phone:
       +62 31 732 5800, +62 31 732 8231
       Fax: +62 31 732 2439

  •    Mail: info@xplorea.com

In affiliation with:

Presented by Xplorea.com - Made With In Indonesia